pigs are easy to control with electric fencing as they have very little hair
and large, wet noses. They are intelligent animals and learn quickly to
respect and avoid an electric fence.
Pigs tend to root, requiring that the lowest fence wire start 6 inches or
less from the ground. The next wires should be closely spaced at even
intervals up to the height of the pig’s nose (e.g., 8 inches, 10 inches, etc.)
We recommend a minimum of 3 strands of wire for pigs and a fence
height of at least 24 inches.
Note: If pigs get their heads between fence wires and receive a shock
behind the eyes instead of in front of them, they tend to push into the
fence rather than pull out. Proper wire spacing (a hot wire at the animal’s
shoulder height) is important to safely contain your pigs.
To safely contain pigs, you need a fence charger that maintains a
minimum of 2,000 volts on the fence line. Voltage levels are impacted
by vegetation on the fence line, length of fence, and type of wire.
With fence wires close to the ground, a low impedance fence charger
is recommended to overcome weeds.
Mud will insulate pigs from electric shock – a low-impedance fence
charger is recommended to penetrate the mud.
Piglets kept with your pigs require wires spaced closer together and
lower to the ground than pigs alone.
Pigs can be a troublesome farm animal to keep contained. They root
and they dig, making them very problematic when trying to fence them in.
Reason to use electric fencing with your pigs
There are several advantages to using electric fencing for pigs. They are:
· It can be used as a portable electrical fencing system.
· It can be relatively cheap to fence a large area when compared with
traditional fencing solutions – like pig panels.
· Can be used as part of pasture management system – usually done
through rotational/strip grazing.
· It can be used to reinforce an existing fencing solution.
A basic livestock electrical fencing system consists of:
· Fencing (wire, tape or mesh)
· Fencing posts or fixings
· Energizer or charger
· Electrical source (Battery, Mains, or even solar)
· Electrical Earth
Setting up your electrical wire for pigs fencing
Rule of thumb is to use 2-3 stands of wire set at different heights.
The number of stands used is determined by how tall the pigs are,
and how aggressive your breed is.
Two strands of wire might be sufficient for weaners, but might not
provide enough of a deterrent for bigger breeds – like Large
White’s, Berkshires, etc.
If you dealing with wilder or aggressive breeds, it might be worth
investing in a third strand of wire. These breeds might be more
prone to trying to jump your fencing if it is too low.
Again, wire height is determined by the size of your pigs. Rule
of thumb is one wire 4″-6″ high, and another 12″ high. If want to
use a third strand of electrical wire set it around 24″ high. These
are only rough guides, alter them as you see fit.
You might need alter your wire heights depending on the shape
and type of land your pigs reside on. If you have hills, or mounds
of ground, that are close to your fencing, and similar in height to
that of your fence, you may need to raise the overall height of your
fence in these areas. A determine porker might use a hill as a
launch pad to jump over your fence, so be prepared to adjust height
to suit the contour of your land.